The different types of lawyers in the legal marketplace

The different types of lawyers in the legal marketplace

The legal marketplace is vast and complex. Choosing the right lawyer is crucial. These are the different types of lawyers that you will find.

Personal Injury Lawyer

If you have suffered injuries in an accident—for example, a car accident—the type of lawyer you’ll want to see is a personal injury lawyer. These types of lawyers specialize in obtaining compensation in the form of damages for injuries caused by other parties.

Estate Planning Lawyer

The estate planning lawyer specializes in wills and trusts and can help you to draw up a will to pass on your assets. Among other estate planning legal services, this type of lawyer can help you set up a trust which will help take care of your children’s financial needs.

Bankruptcy Lawyer

If you’re having financial difficulties and are contemplating bankruptcy proceedings, you will want to consult this type of lawyer. A bankruptcy lawyer can advise you on your eligibility for bankruptcy, the types of bankruptcy you may want to consider, and which type would be best for your circumstances, as well as any potential alternatives to bankruptcy which you may want to explore.

Intellectual Property Lawyer

Intellectual property “IP” is divided into two main areas, namely industrial property and copyright. Copyright relates to artistic creations, such as novels, music, paintings, and cinematographic works. In most European languages, copyright is known as author’s rights. Copyright is protected by various laws, including the Spanish constitution (Article 20), civil code (Articles 428 and 429) and Spanish copyright act that refers to creations of the mind, such as; literary, scientific, and artistic works, whereby the main idea is to protect originality. This type of lawyer can advise you regarding issues relating to IP, such as copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design, and trade secrets. All conflicts on IP law are exclusive competent of mercantile courts, expecting those cases referring to EU trademarks or designs which are handled only by Alicante’s courts.

Employment Lawyer

Whether you are a company that is having a problem with an employee, or an individual who is having problems with the company you work for, an employment lawyer can generally provide advice about legal issues which arise from an employment contract or within an employment relationship.

Corporate Lawyer

The life of a Corporate lawyer involves meeting business customers to offer advice on legal matters including starting a company and merging with another business. Drafting, reviewing and negotiating corporate agreements and business documents, including partnership agreements, shareholders agreements and insolvency agreements. A Corporate lawyer will be able to help you with issues related to the formation of your corporation, general corporate governance issues and corporate compliance issues.

Immigration Lawyer

An immigration lawyer is someone that can take care of all the legal aspects when you move to the country. This type of lawyer should be well versed in dealing with immigration issues such as visas, nationality, citizenship, refugee, or asylum issues.

Criminal Lawyer

The practice of Criminal Law can broadly be divided in two on the basis of the nature of the offenses that counsel is retained to deal with: on one hand non white-collar crime (e.g. theft, robbery, drug related offenses, hate crimes, assaults, sexual assaults, homicides, etc.) and on the other white-collar crime (e.g. fraud, bribery, embezzlement, insider trading, identity theft, money laundering, etc.). If you or a loved one has been charged with a crime, a criminal lawyer is the type of lawyer you should turn to. A criminal lawyer will be knowledgeable in areas related to criminal law, including issues related to the penal system, arrest, charges, and any issues relating to the criminal trial itself.

Medical Malpractice Lawyer

Doctors do occasionally make mistakes, and if you are facing the consequences of a medical mistake such as a medical misdiagnosis or inaccurate treatment, a lawyer who specializes in medical malpractice issues can be helpful.

Tax Lawyer

Getting into trouble with the tax authorities is no fun. A tax lawyer specializes in the many intricacies of tax laws and should be able to provide advice on the tax issue you face.

Family Lawyer

Whether you’re in need of a prenuptial agreement, engaged in divorce proceedings or involved in a child custody or spousal support battle, a family lawyer is the type of lawyer who will be best equipped to guide you through the process which lies before you.

Contract Lawyer

A contract lawyer specializes in the handling of issues arising from contracts and can be consulted for a wide range of contract-related issues. Whether you are unsure if you should sign a particular contract, or if something has gone wrong with a contract you’ve already signed, a lawyer who specializes in contracts is the type of lawyer who should have the experience and expertise required to help you resolve your contractual issues.

Civil Litigation Lawyer

Suing someone, or responding to someone’s lawsuit against you? A lawyer who specializes in civil litigation will be your best legal option. You may also find that different lawyers will specialize in different litigation areas as well. For example, a corporate litigation lawyer should have the expertise to help you with commercial litigation issues.

General Practice Lawyer

Unlike lawyers who specialize in a particular area of law, a generalist has a practice that handles a wide range of legal issues.

For more information about the different types of legal professions in Spain, visit:

For a general explanation of What is the role of a Lawyer, visit our article at

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